ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE ROMAN PERIOD OF GEORGIA (Iberia-Colchis)

Year 2014
Publication Type Scientific Papers
Discription

The present book discusses the history of the Roman period in Colchis and Iberia (1st c. BC - 4th c. AD). Modern Georgia lies in the central and western part of Transcaucasia. The political-economic situation of ancient Georgia differed in various periods.   Study of the history of the relations of Iberia-Colchis and Rome is largely feasible on the basis of archaeological material, for written sources on this period are few. The archaeological excavations, carried on for years, have resulted in the accumulation of fairly diverse evidence (see Catalog).

 

Romanization was the part of Globalization process, which meant wide spreading of Roman economical, political and cultural behavior in the provinces of the Empire and in neighboring countries. From the sixties of the 1st c.  BC, when the Georgian states first came in contact with Roman legions, and till the Roman Empire had ceased to exist, these states kept up close contacts. The process of Romanization in early Georgia took a peculiar, different course. Roman-European type culture did not emerge here, as the roots and influence of the so-called Eastern-Hellenistic culture were strong here.

 

Stamps of Roman military units (in Ancient Georgia) constitute a significant historical source. Archaeologically attested stamps of Roman legions and subdivisions provide documentary evidence for the place, time and function of the deployment of Roman units in one or another region of the Empire.

 

The impact of Roman civilization is seen in other fields (architecture, handicraft, etc) of native population of Iberia. These processes are becoming more intensive from the 2nd c. AD and last until the 4th c. AD. The process of Romanization is better represented in the towns of Black Sea Littoral and in the Capital of Iberian kingdom Mtskheta.

 

 ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE ROMAN PERIOD OF GEORGIA (Iberia-Colchis) (pdf)  

 

1.Gela Gamkrelidze - Online sources (full versions)
2.Gela Gamkrelidze - Online sources (full versions)

Document ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE ROMAN PERIOD OF GEORGIA