Archaeological Treasury

Date: 13 January 2012 – 13 July 2030

Museum: Museum of Georgia

Georgian National Museum presents  the exhibition  "Archaeological Treasury" at the Simon Janashia Museum of Georgia.

Examples of work by early Georgian goldsmiths were discovered during archeological excavations, and are currently reserved in the archeological treasury. The exhibition presents three periods development in the history of Georgian goldwork, from the 3rd century BCE to the 4th century CE:

Kurgan Culture (3-2 BCE)

Ancient gold and silver objects, jewelry and other ritual items are found in the rich kurgans (burial mounds) of prominent members of society in ancient Kartli, Kakheti, and Trialeti.

"Golden Fleece Colkheti" (8- 3 BCE)

Colkhetian jewelry (diadems, temple rings, necklaces, bracelets etc.) dating to the 5th-4th centuries BCE were found on the territory of the ancient kingdom of Colkheti, known as Colchis or the Land of the Golden Fleece to Greek explorers. Burial mounds of ancient nobles on the sites of Vani and Sairkhe explain why Colkheti was referred to as Golden Fleece land, along with Mikena, Sardi, and Babylon in Greco-Roman sources.

Works by Colkhetian goldsmiths date back to the 8th-6th centuries BCE, when gold and silver jewelry reappeared after briefly disappearing from the known record of material culture.

Kingdom of Kartli-Iberia (3rd century BCE-4th century CE)

Examples of the goldsmith craft dating from the 4th-3rd century BCE were discovered in a unique Akhalgori treasury in Eastern Georgia. They are thought to have been made for ancient aristocrats living on the territory before the establishment of the Kingdom of Kartli-Iberia.

Stylistically unique, polychromatic Iberian goldsmith works were found in burial mounds of royal family members and local nobles, creating a symbol of the Kingdom's power. Works made locally as well as imported from Iran and Rome are also presented in the collection.

Address: Simon Janashia Museum of Georgia, 3, Sh. Rustaveli Ave. Tbilisi, Georgia