A TOPOARCHAEOLOGICAL DICTIONARY OF Kartlis Tskhovreba (History of Georgia), 2013, Tb.

Year 2013
Publication Type Scientific Papers

A  TOPOARCHAEOLOGICAL  DICTIONARY OF  Kartlis  Tskhovreba  (History of Georgia),  2013,   Tb.

by  G.  Gamkrelidze,  D. Mindorashvili,  Z.  Bragvadze,  M. Kvachadze & etc. (in Georgian), Published by Georgian National Museum. Edited by  G.  Gamkrelidze.

       A new book has been published recently about geographical localities mentioned in Kartlis Tskhovreba (History of Georgia). Topoarchaeology is a direction of scientific research at the crossing of various branches of historical science, involving a synthetic-systemic study of archaeology, historical geography, place names and written sources. The dictionary has been compiled precisely from this angle. Simon Qaukhchishvili’s academic edition of Kartlis Tskhovreba was taken as the basis; for it takes into account all the old copies. Vakhushti Bagrationi’s “Description of the Kingdom of Georgia” has also been used. This monumental work mentions up to 650 points: cities, towns, villages, hamlets, monasteries, fortresses, etc (e. g. Mtskheta, Sarkine, Uplistsikhe, Gremi, Akhaltsikhe, Rustavi, Dzalisa, and so on). Part of them continues to exist to the present day, while part were destroyed through the vicissitudes of time. Our purpose was to create a reference containing comprehensive archaeological and historical-source study done at modern standards on the points mentioned in the Kartlis Tskhovreba. Part of these points has been studied archaeologically. However, in many cases this information is not readily accessible to the broad readership interested in the past of Georgia.

       In the proposed dictionary already familiar and newly discovered archaeological, historical, historic-geographical and other type of material is brought together on each locality referred to in “Kartlis Tskhovreba” and as a result of a complex study, a scholarly paper containing exhaustive information on each city, village or fortress has been written, using a unified template.

        In working on the Dictionary of the historic-comparative and statistic-typological method of study of archaeological artefacts was made. In studying each site (city, village, fortress, etc.) the following data were given: 1) both old and new designations; 2) list of the written sources in which these points are mentioned; 3) the location of the sites; 4) their description and comments on the archaeological artefacts; 5) brief history of study and its findings; the present status of the study of the site; 6) comprehensive bibliography. The topoarchaeological study of “Kartlis Tskhovreba” has resulted in the compilation of a unique reference type work of encyclopedic character, arranged alphabetically. It will be of help to archaeologists, historians and all interested readers. The information on each place name, mentioned in “Kartslis Tskhovreba”, brought together in the Dictionary, will become available to the public.

         In the Classical period political hegemony on Georgian territory was gained by the kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia, on the site and basis of these kingdoms a single Georgian state – Georgia – was formed. In the present Dictionary the principal context of the cultural-historical development of early Georgia is given on the basis of the available written sources and new archaeological material. Also in case of financing, the translation of the Dictionary into English and its issuing is envisaged in the future.

             You can buy the book at the book stores of the Georgian National Museum and the publishing house “Santa   





1.Gela Gamkrelidze-Online sources (full versions)
2.Gela Gamkrelidze-Online sources (full versions)